#83- Something about the wily eunuch Zhao (Cont’d 3)

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Page 28

Paragraph 2

Most of them were frightened of the eunuch and said it was a horse. (They were right to be scared – Zhao later punished all those who had dared to call it a deer) The phrase pointing to a deer and calling it a horse has become a well-known proverb in the Chinese language. It describes a situation where right and wrong are deliberately mixed up.


Chinese Translation Breakdown

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1.大多数的太臣们都害怕赵太坚, 并说那一只鹿是马
= Most of them were frightened of the eunuch and said it was a horse.
2.(他们怕的是对的-因为赵高後来处罚所有敢说那只是鹿而不是马的大臣)
= (They were right to be scared – Zhao later punished all those who had dared to call it a deer)
3.这句话”指鹿为马”, 後来在中国变为一句有名成语
= The phrase pointing to a deer and calling it a horse has become a well-known proverb in the Chinese language.
4. 它来形容一些是非故意被搞混的状况
= It describes a situation where right and wrong are deliberately mixed up.


:) Chinese Proverb 

A short video clip of Calling A Stag A Horse (指鹿為馬 zhǐlùwéimǎ )


Vocabulary

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1. Most of them = 大多数 dàduōshù

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2. frighten = 害怕 hàipà

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3. horse =马 mǎ

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4. punish = 处罚 chǔfá

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5. dare = 敢 gǎn

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6. pointing to a deer and calling it a horse(Calling A Stag A Horse) = 指鹿為馬 zhǐlùwéimǎ

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7. proverb = 成语 chéngyǔ

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8. describe = 形容 xíngróng

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9. situation = 壮 况zhuàngkuàng

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10. right and wrong are deliberately mixed up =

是非shìfēi
故意 gùyì
被搞乱bèi gǎo luàn .

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#82- Something about the wily eunuch Zhao (Cont’d 1)

Chinese Fortune:

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Image credit:mychinesestudy

Page 28

Paragraph 2

One day, Eunuch Zhao presented a deer to the Second Emperor at court, all the time pointing to the animal and calling it a horse. The Emperor laughed in disbelief and asked the ministers
around him for their opinion.


Chinese Translation Breakdown

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1.有一天,赵太监在朝廷上赠送一匹鹿给秦二皇
= One day, Eunuch Zhao presented a deer to the Second Emperor at court,
2.并同时指著动物称牠为马
= all the time pointing to the animal and calling it a horse.
3.皇帝笑而不信
= The Emperor laughed in disbelief
4. 并询问身边围绕的大臣们的意见
= and asked the ministers around him for their opinion


:) Chinese Idiom 

A short video clip of Calling A Stag A Horse (指鹿為馬 zhǐlùwéimǎ )


Vocabulary

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1 One day = 有一天 yǒu yī tiān

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2 present = 赠送 zèngsòng

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3 a deer = 一匹鹿 yī pǐ lù

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4 court = 朝廷 cháotíng

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5 all the time = 同时 tóngshí

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6 point = 指着 zhǐ zhe

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7 animal = 动物 dòngwù

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8 calling it a horse = 称牠为马 chèn tā wéi mǎ

Chinese Idiom:
Calling A Stag A Horse =指鹿為馬 zhǐlùwéimǎ

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9 laugh in disbelief =不信而笑 bù xìn ér xiào

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10 ask = 询问 xúnwèn`

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11 the ministers =大臣们 dàchén men

Singular: A minister= 大臣dàchén
Plural: the ministers = 大臣们 dàchén men

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12 opinion = 意见 yìjiàn

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#81- Something about the wily eunuch Zhao

Chinese Fortune:

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Photo credit: cultural-china

Page 28

Paragraph 1

Eunuch Zhao was now so powerful that he wished to be the Emperor himself. Only one man stood between him and the throne– the Second Emperor. He decided to test the ministers to see how far they would follow him.


Chinese Translation Breakdown

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1.赵太监势力愈来愈强大, 强盛到他自己想当皇帝
= Eunuch Zhao was now so powerful that he wished to be the Emperor himself
2.只有一人站在他和皇位之间,而这一个人就是秦二皇
= Only one man stood between him and the throne- the Second Emperor
3.他(赵太监)终於决定试验所有的大臣并看他们会跟随他到多远
= He decided to test the ministers to see how far they would follow him.


Vocabulary

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1. Eunuch Zhao =赵太监 Zhào tàijiàn

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2. Powerful = 势力强大 shìli qiángdà

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3. wish =想(作) xiǎng (zuò)

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4. Emperor = 皇帝 huángdì

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5. Only = 只有 zhǐyǒu

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6. one man = 一人 yī rén

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7. throne = 皇位 huángwèi

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8. decide = 决定 juédìng

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9. test = 试验 shìyàn

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10. ministers = 大臣 dàchén

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#80- Prime Minister Li V.S The wily eunuch

Chinese Fortune:

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photo credit: sohu

Page 27
Paragraph 3

Prime Minister Li announced that the First Emperor was dead and Prince Hu was now Second Emperor. Not long afterwards, a power struggle began between Prime Minister Li and the wily eunuch. The Second Emperor sided with his former tutor, Zhao. He had Li executed, and appointed Zhao Gao to be the new prime minister.


Chinese Translation Breakdown

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1.李丞相宣布秦始皇已死而胡 太 子继承了皇位并称秦二皇
= Prime Minister Li announced that the First Emperor was dead and Prince Hu was now Second Emperor.
2.不 久 以 后, 李 丞 相与狡猾的赵高太 监 并开始发生权 力斗 挣.
= Not long afterwards, a power struggle began between Prime Minister Li and the wily eunuch
3.秦二皇帮助前任的导 师赵 高太 监
= The Second Emperor sided with his former tutor, Zhao
4.秦二皇将李 丞 相处死刑 并授 任赵 高为新任丞 相
= He had Li executed, and appointed Zhao Gao to be the new prime minister.


Vocabulary

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1. Prime Minister Li = 李 丞相Lǐ chéngxiàng

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2. announce = 宣布 xuānbù

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3. The First Emperor = 秦 始 皇qín shǐ huáng

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4. was dead = 已死yǐ sǐ

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5. Prince Hu = 胡太子 hú tàizǐ

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6. now = 现在 xiànzài

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7. Second Emperor = 秦二皇 Qín èr Huáng

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8. Not long afterwards = 不久以后 bùjiǔ yǐhòu`

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9. power struggle = 权力斗争 quánlìdòuzhēng

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10. begin = 开始 kāishǐ

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11. wily = 狡猾 jiǎohuá

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12. side = 帮 bang

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13. former = 以前的 yǐqián de

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14. tutor = 导师 dǎoshī

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15. appoint = 授任 shòurèn

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#79- The tiger tally (Cont’d 4)

Chinese Fortune:

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Page 27
Paragraph Two

To hide the odor, Prime Minister Li filled the coach with salted shellfish and spread the word that the Emperor had a sudden craving for preserved abalone! They continued touring until the messenger returned from the Great Wall and reported that Prince Fu was safely dead. Only then did they dare to hurry back to the capital.


Chinese Translation Breakdown

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1.为了隐藏黄帝屍体的臭味
= To hide the odor,
2.车内被李丞相充满(装满)了咸鱼贝类
= Prime Minister Li filled the coach with salted shellfish
3.并传播谣言皇帝忽然想要吃醃鲍鱼的慾望
= and spread the word that the Emperor had a sudden craving for preserved abalone!
4.他们继续旅行一直到送信者从长城返回并报告扶苏太子自杀而死
= They continued touring until the messenger returned from the Great Wall and reported that Prince Fu was safely dead
5.只到那时他们才敢匆促的返回首都
= Only then did they dare to hurry back to the capital.


Vocabulary

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1. hide = 隐藏 yǐncáng

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2. odor = 臭味 chòuwèi

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3. fill = 充满 chōngmǎn

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4. salted shellfish = 咸鱼贝类 xiányú bèilèi

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5. spread the word = 传播谣言 chuánbō yáoyán

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6. sudden = 忽然 hūrán

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7. craving = 欲望 yùwàng

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8. abalone = 鲍鱼 bàoyú

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9. until = 直到 zhídào

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10. report = 报告 bàogào

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11. Only then = 只到那时zhǐ dào nàshí (才 cái)

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12. dare = (才)敢cái gǎn

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13. hurry = 匆促cōngcù

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