#16 – Nine Dragon Wall

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English Excerpt:

Page 5

Second paragraph

There are many places in China named Nine Dragons. The most famous is probably Kowloon (Nine Dragons) Peninsula across the harbor from Hong Kong Island. The Nine Dragon Wall is a famous wall in the garden of the Forbidden Palace in Beijing.

Chinese Translation:

Page 5, 第 dì 五 wǔ 页 yè
Second paragraph, 第 dì 二 er̀ 段 duàn

There are many places 地 dì 方 fanḡ in China 中国 named Nine 九 jiǔ Dragons 龙 lonǵ. The most famous is probably Kowloon (Nine Dragons 九 龙) Peninsula (半 baǹ 岛 daǒ), across the harbor from Hong Kong 香 xianḡ 港 Ganǧ Island. The Nine Dragon Wall (九 jiǔ 龙 lonǵ 墙 qianǵ) is a famous wall 墙 in the garden of the Forbidden (禁 jiň)Palace (宫 gonḡ) in Beijing (北beǐ 京 jinḡ).


Vocabulary

1. Page 5 = 第五页 dì wǔ yè

2. Second paragraph = 第二段 dì er̀ duàn

3. Places = 地方 dì fanḡ

地 dì means land, field, ground, place.

方 fanḡ means direction, square or method.

4. Kowloon = 九 jiǔ 龙 lonǵ which means Nine Dragons

九 jiǔ means nine

龙 lonǵ means dragons

Kowloon is how the British colonials spelled the city named (九 jiǔ 龙 lonǵ or Nine Dragons).
The British spelled it this way because 九龙 sounds like Kowloon when pronounced in Cantonese, the local dialect. Although Cantonese sounds entirely different from Mandarin, the writing is identical and has the same meaning. 九龙 means Nine Dragons. Kowloon peninsula is situated across the harbor from the island of Hongkong. It adjoins the mainland of China.

5. Peninsula = 半岛 baǹ daǒ

半 baǹ means half

岛 daǒ means island

Thus peninsula in Chinese is 半岛 or half-island.

6. Hong Kong = 香港 xianḡ Ganǧ

香 xianḡ means fragrant

港 Ganǧ means harbor. (Note the `three dots’ radical denoting something to do with water on the left half of the word 港)

Hong Kong is how the British spelled 香港 pronounced in the Cantonese dialect.

7. Nine Dragon Wall = 九 龙墙jiǔ lonǵ qianǵ

九 jiǔ means nine

龙 lonǵ means dragons

墙 qianǵ means wall

8. Forbidden Palace = 禁宫 jiň gonḡ

禁 jiň means forbidden

宫 gonḡ means palace

9. Beijing = 北京 běijing

北 beǐ means northern

京 jinḡ means capital

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