# 74- Death of The First Emperor (Cont’d 5)

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page 25
Paragraph 4

They sent a false letter to Prince Fu ordering him to commit suicide. The letter was sealed with the Emperor’s seal as if it had come from him. Their messenger rode day and night and arrived at the Great Wall. To prove who he was, he gave Prince Fu the matching half of a tiger tally.


Chinese Translation Breakdown

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1.他们寄出一封假信给扶太子, 命令他自杀
= They sent a false letter to Prince Fu ordering him to commit suicide.
2.他们在这封信上盖了秦始皇的图章并把信密封, 就好象是秦始皇亲手写的
= The letter was sealed with the Emperor’s seal as if it had come from him.
3.送信者日日夜夜的骑著快马赶到长城
= Their messenger rode day and night and arrived at the Great Wall.
4.见到扶太子後, 送信者拿出相对的半个虎符来證明他是秦始皇所派送的
= To prove who he was, he gave Prince Fu the matching half of a tiger tally.


Vocabulary

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1. send = 寄出 jìchū

2. false letter = 假信 jiǎ xìn

3. order = 命令 mìnglìng

4. suicide = 自杀 zìshā

5. to seal = 密封 mìfēng

6. seal = 图章 túzhāng

7. as if = 好象 hǎoxiàng

8. messenger = 送信者 sòngxìn zhě

9. ride (a horse) = 骑马 qímǎ

10. arrive = 到达 dàodá

11. Great Wall = 长城 Chángchéng

12. prove = 证明 zhèngmíng

13. match = 相对 xiāngduì/相符 xiāngfú

14. tiger tally = 虎符 hǔ fú.

# 73- Death of The First Emperor (Cont’d 4)

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page 25

Paragraph 3

The letter was sealed but not yet given to the messenger when the Emperor died. Eunuch Zhao persuaded Prime Minister Li to destroy the letter. They kept the Emperorʼs death a secret and began to conspire with his weak-willed younger son, Prince Hu.


Chinese Translation Breakdown

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1.虽然这封信已被密封, 但是信还没有递给送信者的时候,秦始皇就死了
= The letter was sealed but not yet given to the messenger when the Emperor died.
2.赵太监说服李丞相,毁坏这封信
= Eunuch Zhao persuaded Prime Minister Li to destroy the letter.
3.他们保持秦始皇死的秘密和开始与精神脆弱的胡太子密谋毒计
= They kept the Emperorʼs death a secret and began to conspire with his weak-willed younger son, Prince Hu.


Vocabulary

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1. letter = 信 xìn

2. seal = 密封 mìfēng

3. but = 但是 dànshì

4. not yet = 还没有 hái méiyǒu

5. give = 递给 dì gěi

6. messenger = 送信者 sòngxìn zhě

7. persuade = 说服 shuōfú

8. destroy = 毁坏 huǐhuài

9. keep = 保持 bǎochí

10. secret = 秘密 mìmì

11. begin = 开始 kāishǐ

12. conspire = 密谋 mìmóu

13. weak-willed = 脆弱的 cuìruò de

#72 – Death of The First Emperor (Cont’d 3)

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page 25

Paragraph 2

He ordered Eunuch Zhao Gao to write to his elder son, Prince Fu Su, and tell him he must hurry to the capital and be ready to bury the Emperorʼs body in the tomb. At that time, Prince Fu was building the Great Wall in the north with 300,000 troops under his command.


Chinese Translation Breakdown

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1.秦始皇命令他的太监赵高, 写信給他的大儿子, 扶苏
= He ordered Eunuch Zhao Gao to write to his elder son, Prince Fu Su,
2.並通知他兒子快去首都并準备坟墓来埋葬秦始皇的屍体
= and tell him he must hurry to the capital and be ready to bury the Emperorʼs body in the tomb.
3.当时,扶苏正在北方指挥他旗下的三十万兵队建盖长城
= At that time, Prince Fu was building the Great Wall in the north with 300,000 troops under his command


Vocabulary

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1. order = 命 令mìnglìng

2. Eunuch = 太 监tàijiàn

3. Zhao Gao = 赵高zhào gāo

4. write = 写信 xiěxìn

写=write
信= letter / mail

5. elder son = 大儿子dà érzi

6. Fu Su = 扶苏fú sū

7. hurry = 快去kuài qù

8. bury = 埋葬 máizàng

9. body = 尸体shītǐ

10. The Great Wall = 长城Chángchéng

11. north = 北方 běifāng

12. 300, 000 = 三十万sānshí wàn

13. troops = 兵队bīngduì

14. command = 指挥 zhǐhuī

#71- Death of The First Emperor (Cont’d 2)

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page 25

Paragraph 2

Nine months into the tour and far from his capital city, the Emperor became ill and knew he was going to die


Chinese Translation Breakdown

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1.旅行了九个月以後
= Nine months into the tour
2. 在离开首都很远的地方
= Far from his capital city
3. 皇帝生了病也知道自己很快就会死
= The Emperor became ill and knew he was going to die


Vocabulary

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1. nine months = 九个月jiǔ gè yuè

2. tour = 旅行lǚxíng

3. far = 远yuǎn

4. capital city = 首都shǒudū

5. the Emperor = 皇帝huángdì

6. became ill = 生了病shēng le bìng

7. know = 知道zhīdào

8. going to die = 就会死jiù huìsǐ

# 70- Death of The First Emperor (Cont’d 1)

Chinese Fortune:

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Page 25

Paragraph 1

He travelled in a chariot pulled by four horses. Fastened to it was an umbrella that could be tilted in any direction to shade him from the sun.


Chinese Translation Breakdown

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第 二 十 五 页

第 一 段

1.秦始皇乘坐四匹马拉著的双轮马车旅行
= He travelled in a chariot pulled by four horses

2.联结在马车顶上有一把可倾斜任何方向的伞, 遮蔽太阳
= Fastened to it was an umbrella that could be tilted in any direction to shade him from the sun


Vocabulary

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1. travel = 旅行lǚ xíng

2. chariot = 双轮马车 shuāng lún mǎ chē

3. four horses = 四匹马sì pī mǎ

4. fasten = 联结 lián jié

5. an umbrella = 一把伞 yī bǎ sǎn

6. tilt = 倾斜 qīng xié

7. any = 任何 rèn hé

8. direction = 方向 fāng xiàng

9. shade = 遮蔽 zhē bì

10. sun = 太阳 tài yáng