New (xīn 新)
新 is pronounced in the first tone.
New Year (xīn 新 niάn 年)
Nine = 9 = 九 jiǔ
Now = 现 在 xiàn zi
Number = 数 shù 字 zì
数 shù means to Count
字 zì means Word.
Thus 数字 means Counting Word or Number.
One day 一 日 yī rì
一 = one and is pronounced yī in the first tone.
日 = day and is pronounced rì in the fourth tone.
One-fifth 五 分 之 一 wǔ fēn zhī yī
五 = five. 五 is pronounced wǔ in the third tone.
分 = part or divide. 分 is pronounced fēn in the first tone.
之 = zhī means of and is pronounced in the first tone.
一 = yī means one and is pronounced in the first tone.
The four words 五 分 之 一 means one part out of five or one-fifth.
One-Hundred Seventeen = 117 = 一 百 十 七
100 = One-hundred
17 = Seventeen
Page (yè 页)
Page 1 or first page is translated as 第 一 页。
The word 第 dì is a prefix for ordinal numbers such as first, second, third, fourth etc. 一 means one. 页 means page.
People (reń 人)
人 is pronounced reń in the second tone. 人 resembles a line drawing of a man with his legs apart. 人means man, person, human being. If the word 们is added after a noun such as 人it makes that noun plural. Thus 人们 means people.
Population 人 口 rέn kǒu
人 rέn means man
口 kǒu means mouth
Printing (印 刷 yìn shūa)
印 yìn means to print, engrave, seal, stamp, chop. It is pronounced in the fourth tone.
刷 shūa means to brush, clean, daub, paste. It is pronounced in the first tone.
When the word 第 dì is placed before the number 一, the two words 第一 means First.
Rabbit (tù 兔)
兔 is pronounced in the fourth tone like the word two.
Rain = 雨 yǔ
The character 雨 looks very much like rain drops seen through a window, don’t you think?
Royalty = 皇 huáng 族 zú
皇 族 means Imperial Clan
皇 huáng means emperor or imperial
族 zú means clan
Say = 说 shuō
also means speak or talk
Scales = 鳞 liń 片 piaǹ
鳞liń = scale of a fish. Note the radical 鱼 yú which means fish on the left side of 鳞.
片piaǹ = flat, thin piece.
Second 第 二 dì èr
Chinese word for number two is 二 èr
When the word 第 dì
is placed before the number 一, the two words 第 二 means Second.
Second paragraph = 第 dì 二er̀ 段 duaǹ
第 dì 二er̀ = Second
段 duaǹ = paragraph
Seven = 七 qī
Since the number 17 (seventeen) consists of ten plus seven, the Chinese translates it as 十 七.
Since the number 117 (one hundred and seventeen) consists of one一 hundred 百and ten 十 and seven 七, the Chinese translates it as 一 百 十 七.
Silk (sī 丝)
丝 is pronounced sī in the first tone. 丝 resembles coils of fine thread. 丝 means silk.
Six feet = 六尺 liù chǐ
Stream = 小 xiǎo 河 hé
小xiǎo means small, little, minor
河 hé means river. Note the three Dots radical to the left of 河
Swim = 游 yóu
(Note the three dots to the left of 游. A character with the `three dots’ radical usually indicate that the word has something to do with water.)